What do guinea pigs eat?

Many people choose guinea pigs to be their pets. They are funny and fluffy, friendly and cute, and quickly adapt to their new ‘family.’ To make sure that your guinea pig feels comfortable, it is crucial to adhere to certain rules, as these pets have a very sensitive digestive system. Generally speaking, it is important to keep a healthy and reasonable diet and introduce new products slowly in small portions. By beginning with a small piece and constantly enlarging the portion (in case the animal likes this food) with every new serving is a reasonable way of feeding your pet.

feeding pets

Besides, it is important to remember that guinea pigs should never be given distilled water, as it washes the minerals out of the body and does not provide new ones instead. Though high minerals such as calcium, should be avoided as well, as they can also cause negative consequences for your guinea pig’s digestive system. If you have a guinea pig, you’ve certainly noticed that it is always eating something. It may even seem like this pet is born to eat hay, fruit and vegetables it is provided. That is why it is important to think of a diet which will be both healthy and nutritious for your pet. There are certain products that are highly recommended, and there are some which should be avoided.

What fruits can guinea pigs eat?

nice grapes


Grapes are a fruit with a high sugar content and with almost no vitamins in them, so this is not the best choice of fruit to be given to your pet. However, it is not harmful and, most likely, your guinea pig will enjoy eating this fruit. That is why you may give this fruit to an animal, though it is better not to exceed 2-3 portions of grapes per week, with a maximum of two at a time. Plus, it is recommended to cut every grape in half to make it easier for the animal to chew it. So grapes can become an additive to the menu of your guinea pig’s diet, but only on a random basis.

two apples


Guinea pigs can be given apples, but apples should not be made a part of their regular diet. Normally, apples are given as snacks in small pieces, as the majority of guinea pigs love them. It is important to make sure that your pet enjoys apples, as some guinea pigs do not find this fruit tasty. When giving apples to your pet, it is always recommended to cut the apple in small pieces, which is good for digestion. And remember, apples are somewhat acidic, so too much of this fruit can cause digestion problems for your pet.

Vivid strawberries


It is fair to say that guinea pigs not only CAN eat strawberries, but also that they enjoy eating these berries. It is a real snack for them, and they can eat a lot of these berries at once. That is why it is important to make sure your pet does not eat too much at a time. It is better to give a couple of strawberry slices per week, otherwise, the sensitive digestive system of your pet can suffer, and this snack can lead to way more serious health problems.

Sliced banana


Banana is another fruit which is usually liked by guinea pigs. Though, due to the fact that bananas contain too much sugar, they should be given only like snacks on random basis, not as a part of their normal diet. A thin slice of banana is enough for an animal, and it is better to make it a rule not to give more than 1-2 portions of this delicacy per week. The peelings should never be given to the pets.

Cut watermelon


Due to the high content of water, giving watermelon to your guinea pig is a good idea. However, it is crucial to keep in mind that too much sugar can lead to serious heath problems of your pet, and that is why there are instructions which should be followed in this case. It is better to cut out the red part of the watermelon and leave just a small amount of flesh on the rind as a treat for the animal. In any case, the rind itself is also a delicacy for the animal.

Yummy blueberries


The short answer is yes. Guinea pigs enjoy eating fruit and berries, and the majority of these will not do any harm to the rodents. It is crucial to remember, though, that due to the high amount of sugar in them, blueberries should be given to the guinea pigs only as a snack, but not as a part of their normal diet. That is why a couple of berries per week is a good idea to change up the diet of your guinea pig.

Orange pieces


Due to high content of the vitamin C in them, oranges may be a good supplement to the guinea pig diet, but only in small portions. Due to the fact that oranges contain acids and feature a high sugar content, it is reasonable to give oranges, peeled and sliced into thin pieces, two to three times a week. By the way, the orange peel is a real delicacy for the guinea pigs, though, in fact, it does not contain too much vitamin content.

Delicious pineapple


Guinea pigs can eat pineapple, but it is strongly recommended to remove this fruit from the list of fruits you plan to give to your fluffy pet. The reason is simple. A guinea pig’s digestion system is too sensitive, and pineapple contains too many aggressive acids, and that is why it may cause an allergic reaction and serious digestion problems of your guinea pig. That is why it is better to choose another fruit to give to your guinea pig so you don’t risk hurting its health.

What vegetables can guinea pigs eat?

Green kale


In general, guinea pigs can eat kale. Moreover, some animals really like eating kale. It is reasonable to give it to the guinea pigs on a random basis, but do not make kale a part of their regular diet, as kale is rich in calcium. Too much kale may lead to serious problems and stones in the body of your pet. However, a portion or two per week will never do any harm to your animal and will differentiate its diet.

Picture of broccoli


Guinea pigs usually enjoy eating broccoli, and this vegetable can become a part of their balanced diet. It is important to keep a rational balance, as broccoli is rich in calcium, so this can lead to bladder stones. Broccoli can be given as a snack on a random basis, but should not be consumed too often. Though, this vegetable is not likely to hurt the digestion system of guinea pigs, even if accidentally given as a big portion.

bunch of asparagus


Fresh asparagus is rich in vitamins and contains vitamins A and E, which are crucial for your guinea pig’s body. However, there is a high volume of oxalate acid and phosphorus, which means that asparagus can be given to the guinea pigs, but no more than once per week. Otherwise, it can lead to certain digestion problems, as oxalate acid can negatively influence the tender digestion system of these animals.

pile of beans

Green beans

Raw green beans can be given to the guinea pigs one to two times a week. But do not exceed this limit, as green beans contain too much calcium and phosphorus. The combination of these two might not only lead to serious digestion problems if given to a guinea pig on a regular basis in big amounts, but also can be a reason of stones forming in the body of the rodent. Cooked green beans should be never given to the guinea pigs, as they do not feature any nutritional value for this animal.

red tomatoes


Tomatoes are an important component of the balanced diet of the guinea pigs. Not only because these animals enjoy these vegetables, but mostly because of the high content of vitamin C in them. However, tomatoes should not be given on a daily basis because some guinea pigs can even become allergic to these products if provided too much. Plus, tomatoes have too much acid in them, so this vegetable in big portions can cause digestive problems. Keep in mind it is crucial to remove the green top from the vegetable, as it is poisonous for guinea pigs.

cabbage in the store


Cabbage is a great source of Vitamin C, and that is why this vegetable should be provided to guinea pigs as a part of their balanced diet. In fact, the bodies of these animals simply do not synthesize this vitamin, so they should get it from the food. Realize that too much cabbage can make guinea pigs bloated and increase the foul odor of their urine. The cabbage core is not that healthy, and that is why is better to avoid giving it to the animal.

tasty celery


It is fair to say that celery is a real delicacy for guinea pigs, and the majority of these animals truly enjoy the crunch of the celery leaves and stalks when eating. However, celery, eaten in big portions, can cause gas and bloating even though it is rich in vitamins and has a high water content. So, it is recommended to use this vegetable as an additive to the diet of your guinea pig and give it in small portions, starting with a small amount at first. Plus, it is crucial to peel off the stalk of celery to make sure the ‘strings’ do not stay on the teeth and in the throats of guinea pigs. Also, it is recommended not to give celery separately, but to mix it with the other vegetables.

plenty of lettuce


Lettuce is a favorite vegetable of guinea pigs, though iceberg lettuce is not recommended due to the fact that this vegetable can cause digestion problems if given to your guinea pig. It is always a good idea to mix lettuce with the other vegetables to ensure it is digested properly. Overall, lettuce is not a part of the normal diet of guinea pigs, though, if given in small amounts, it will not do any harm.

spinach drink


Spinach is rich in vitamins and minerals and is a valuable source of vitamin C; that is why it is very useful for guinea pigs. This vegetable is recommended to be included in the regular diet of these rodents, as it has low sugar and is a good supplement for the guinea pig diet. It is not recommended to give spinach to the guinea pigs on a daily basis, as due to high volume of oxalates, which are mixed with calcium from the other products, it can cause stones. The stalks of spinach should not be given to the guinea pigs at all.

basket of carrots


Guinea pigs enjoy eating various vegetables, including carrots. Carrots are rich in vitamin C, as well as other vitamins, and that is why they can be made a part of the daily diet of your rodent. Guinea pigs need to be given plenty of products which contain vitamin C, as their organism cannot synthesize it. Talking about carrots as a part of guinea pig diet, they will not only provide the necessary vitamins to its body, but will help keep the teeth in good shape.

grass and black background


Grass is an important component of the normal diet of the guinea pigs, though it is crucial to make sure that the grass given to this rodent is free of any kind of chemicals. The case is that the digestion system of guinea pigs is very sensitive, and chemicals sprayed on the grass may lead to serious health problems of the animal. However, grass is rich in water and other components, and that is why it is very good additive to the normal diet of this rodent.

salty nuts


Guinea pigs can eat nuts, though it is not recommended to give nuts to this rodent, as they contain too much fat and may lead to serious stomach and digestion problems. Plus, nuts do not contain any nutritive value for the guinea pigs, and that is why it is better to avoid giving any sort of nuts to the guinea pigs. It is always better to replace nuts with vegetables, hay or a small portion of fruit or vegetables rich in vitamin C.

potatoes and a pan


The potato is one of the vegetables which is prohibited to be given to the guinea pigs, as it contains certain substances which are truly poisonous to these animals. Plus, potato does not contain any nutritive elements for a guinea pig, and that is why it is crucial to expel potato, as well as the peels of this vegetable, from the guinea pig diet. Cooked potato also has poisonous effects to this rodent, and is dangerous for the health and life of the pet.